For all the home owners, the roof the house will always need to be changed. The purpose of the roof is to keep the weather elements outside and keep the inside elements dry.
In the early years there was only a select few types of tiles to choose from. There was asphalt, slate, clay or concrete tiles. Presently, there are three time the amount since the past. Here is a list of them.
*Solar tiles- The new advanced shingle now has the ability to collect solar rays as a solar panel does. These are great for neighbor hoods where there are HOA’s in which do not allow home to have solar panels. Just be aware, these solar shingles does come with a cost.
*Asphalt Shingles- The most common type of roofing material to use on a home. These type of shingles are common all around the world. When roof the house for the first time or reroofing make sure to ask for ASTM D3161, Class F (110 mph) or ASTM D7158, Class H (150 mph) wind tests and the AC438 durability.
*Metal sheet- Metal roofing lays flat and is sturdy, comes in different color, and is easy to install over roofing material. On the down side, metal can be noise from the rain and hail ( hail may dent the roofing). The roofing will last a long time. The cost for the roofing is more than shingles and less than concert tile.
*Stone coated steel- This type of roofing material is similar to slate, clay and shingles, where they interlock with each other. Stone coated steel is durable in heavy rain, snow, hail and winds up to 120 miles an hour. Some are warranty for the life time of the house.
*Slate- Slate may last for 100 years or more, if not broken. Slate is also heavy, expensive, won’t burn, and won’t mold or grow fungus.
*Rubber slate- Rubber slate has a long lasting durability, compared to stone cut slate. Walking on it, installing satellite dishes and hail will cause damage to the slates. If these types of roofing material are available, it is best to have a professional install it.
*Concrete and clay tiles- These type of tiles are durable in strong weather, such as strong winds, rains and snow. According to “A Summary of Experimental Studies on Seismic Performance of Concrete and Clay Roofing Tiles” by the University of Southern California for the Tile Roofing Institute. These type of materials may need extra support since of the weight. Always consult a professional for help.
*Green roofs- Imagine having a garden for a roof. It would take lots of work, but it would help the environment, as far as cleaner air, and less drainage of water. Now for the work part, need extra structural support, a vapor barrier, thermal insulation, waterproofing, drainage, water filtration, soil, compost and plants. The lifespan of this would be about 40 years.
So when putting a roof on for the first time or roofing, always understand there will be damage to these types and will need replaced. Always consult with a professional to see what needs to be done the right way.